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Multimedia | Advantage, Disadvantage, Elements, Requirements

Meaning Of Multimedia

These days various media used to see television presentations, animated films, as well as radio broadcasts, etc. In the form of audio and visual patterns. Search median presents the information attractively using sound, video, graphics, animation, and others. This set of media are known as multimedia. 

apple company elements of multimedia


In multimedia applications, more than one medium is used to present information to the user in an exciting manner whereas in unimedium applications only one medium is used to present the information. The book having only text is an example of idiom application whereas a book having tax, graphics, pictures, etc is an example of multimedia application.

Thus, multimedia is the combination of more than one media including text, graphics, audio, video. animation, etc which is delivered interactively to the user by electronically or digitally manipulated means.

Advantage of multimedia

  1. Information related to any matter can be presented effectively and better way using multimedia.
  2. Multimedia is useful in designing attractive and interactive web pages.
  3. It helps for distance learning education, an Open University system, and video conferencing.
  4.  Advertisement can be made more effective and realistic by multimedia.
  5. It provides a high-level entertainment facility with different animated games and movies.

Disadvantage of multimedia

  1. Extra economic burden since initial cost is high to include multimedia.
  2. It needs will train manpower to use the multimedia system.
  3. Multimedia files are too long so it is time-consuming while transferring across the internet.

Different media (elements) of multimedia

As we know that multimedia is the combination of multiple media. They are also known as elements of multimedia. The most common and necessary elements of multimedia are discussed below.

1. Text: the text is a basic element of multimedia which includes the alphanumeric characters such as letters, numbers and special symbol for presenting the information. The computer is used for processing the text. Text editing, searching, styling, importing, and exporting are done by the multimedia computer using different devices such as a keyboard, mouse, etc.

2. Graphic (image): Computer Graphics deals with the generation, representation, manipulation, and display of images with the aid of a computer. So it is an important element of multimedia that includes a digital representation of non-text information such as drawings, pictures, photographs, etc. to present anything effectively. A graphic and powerful way to illustrate information clearly and more precisely. For example, an image photograph of an employee with complete biodata and in an organization makes employees database more accurate and informative.

3. Animation: animation is a dynamic medium in which images of objects are populated to appear as moving images. It is another important element of multimedia which deals with the generation, Sequencing, and display of a set of images called frames to create an effect of change or motion, similar to a movie file (video). Generation tools search at digital camera video camera DVD (Digital Versatile Disk) etc is the powerful tools for generating videos and images for animations.

4. Audio: audio is another very important element of multimedia which deals with synthesizing, recording, and playback of audio or sound with the aid of a computer.

In many cases, the sound can substantially reinforce our understanding of information presented in other ways, and in some cases, the sound is the only way to provide the desired information. Sound cards, headphones, speakers, audio mixers, microphones are used for generating audio or sound.

5. Video: video is also another element of multimedia which deals with the recording and display of screens of images at a reasonable speed to grade and a son of moment. A video camera is the most commonly used input device for capturing video data.

Hardware requirements of multimedia

The following hardware devices are required to create, view, and store multimedia content.

  • Sound card
  • High-speed processor
  • Multimedia enable keyboard
  • High-resolution monitor
  • Microphone and speaker
  • Digital camera and web camera
  • Multimedia projector
  • Large capacity hard disk
  • Large-capacity Ram
  • CD/DVD OR blue-ray drive etc.

Software requirements for multimedia

Besides hardware, the following software tools are necessary to create and manage multimedia content.

  1. Text processing software such as MS Word/word processor
  2. Presentation software such as MS PowerPoint
  3. Graphics manipulation Software such as Photoshop.
  4. Sound editing software such as Mighty media deck/ audacity
  5. Video editing software such as Movie Maker/adobe premiere
  6. Drawing software such as freehand.
  7. Software search edge Macromedia flash/3D Max/Maya/after effect
  8. Windows Media Player (WMP)
  9. Windows Image Viewer (WIV)
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